Comparison of pharmaceutical, illicit drug, alcohol, nicotine and caffeine levels in wastewater with sale, seizure and consumption data for 8 European cities

Baz-Lomba JA, Salvatore S, Gracia-Lor E, Bade R, Castiglioni S, Castrignanò E, Causanilles A, Hernandez F, Kasprzyk-Hordern B, Kinyua J, McCall A-K, van Nuijs A, Ort C, Plósz BG, Ramin P, Reid M, Rousis NI, Ryu Y, de Voogt P, Bramness J & Thomas K
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Baz-Lomba, J. A., Salvatore, S., Gracia-Lor, E., Bade, R., Castiglioni, S., Castrignanò, E., Causanilles, A., Hernandez, F., Kasprzyk-Hordern, B., Kinyua, J., McCall, A. K., van Nuijs, A., Ort, C., Plósz, B. G., Ramin, P., Reid, M., Rousis, N. I., Ryu, Y., de Voogt, P., … Thomas, K. (2016). Comparison of pharmaceutical, illicit drug, alcohol, nicotine and caffeine levels in wastewater with sale, seizure and consumption data for 8 European cities. BMC Public Health, 16, 1035 (11 pp.). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3686-5