The establishment of the field of implementation science was motivated by the understanding that medical and health research alone is insufficient to generate better health outcomes. With strong support from funding agencies for medical research, implementation science promotes the application of a structured framework or model in the implementation of research-based results, specifically evidence-based practices (EBPs). Furthermore, explicit consideration is given to the context of EBP implementation (i.e., socio-economic, political, cultural, and institutional factors that could affect the implementation process). Finally, implementation is monitored in a robust and rigorous way. Today, the field of implementation science supports conferences and professional societies as well as one dedicated journal and numerous others with related content. The goal of these various activities is to reduce the estimated, average "bench to bedside" time lag of 17 years for uptake of EBPs from health research into routine practice. Despite similar time lags and impediments to uptake in the environmental domain, a parallel field of implementation science for the environment has not (yet) emerged. Although some parallels in needs and opportunities can easily be drawn between the health and environmental domains, a detailed mapping exercise is needed to understand which aspects of implementation science could be applied in the environmental domain either directly or in a modified form. This would allow an accelerated development of implementation science for the environment.