This SFD Report was created through desk-based research by Sandec (the Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development) at Eawag (the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology) as part of the SFD Promotion Initiative.Date of production: 06.06.2016. Kampala is the capital and most populated city in Uganda, with a population of 1,507,080. The total area of the city is 178 km2. In line with rapid urbanization, approximately 60% of city residents live in informal low-income settlements (slums). To account for the large number of daily commuters into Kampala, the assessment is based on a total population of 2,25 million. In Kampala, 92.5% of residents are served by onsite sanitation technologies. For this SFD 46% of the total excreta was estimated to be unsafely managed.