The discussion about the 'correct' type of silviculture to be applied to forest stands is old and somewhat ideological. This paper discusses particular aspects of the state of mixed stand forestry and argues the following points: mixed stand forestry has already been extensively researched, however, practical application of research findings is lacking. The term 'mixed stand' must be clarified. The term 'close-to-nature' is a more suitable expression and gives a better reflection of the goal to be achieved. Close-to-nature stands require that the species established are suited as much as possible to the site conditions. Historically it has been shown that growth and yield research influences silviculture. With the transition to close-to-nature stands, the traditional use of the term 'age' is no longer appropriate as it suggests an accuracy which is not possible. To make the most of the advantages of close-to-nature mixed stands, it is very urgent that modern planning instruments be refined and put at the disposal of forestry practice. Further research is necessary to this end.