Zukunftsbilder für die Landschaft in vier periurbanen Regionen der Schweiz
The transdisiplinary WSL research program "Room for People and Nature" focuses on periurban regions adjacent to the metropolitan region of Zurich in Switzerland that are experiencing very strong urbanisation. The research program aims at developing objectives for future regional development together with the local stakeholders. In a first step, we derived the ideal visions of the stakeholders that will be input to the further research work.
This report presents the visions of local stakeholders for the future landscape development in the case study regions of the research program. From April to June 2013, we conducted one workshop in each of the following periurban regions: Luzerner Seetal (LU), Oberes Freiamt (AG), Linthebene (SG/SZ), Glarus Nord (GL). There were 8 to 14 participants at each workshop and they represented municipal councils, nature and landscape protection associations, and cantonal authorities. The key question at the workshops was: "what will the landscape in your region look like in the year 2030, if the region features an extra ordinary high quality of life?" We recorded the participants' visions as texts and as pictures. Most of the pictures were created with real-time visualisation during the workshops.
We came to the following results: the workshop participants wish that all four case study regions kept their rural appearance. The extensive open spaces between the settlements shall be preserved. Agriculture shall be visible as an important economic branch in the region and can therefore also be intensive at certain places. The participants anticipate stronger recreational pressure on the landscape due to increasing numbers of inhabitants in all regions. Consequently, they discussed measures of visitor management.
Despite expected population growth in all regions, the settlements shall not expand until 2030. New dwelling space has to be created with inner development. This again shall concentrate on the regional centres; the other villages shall grow moderately, only. In most regions, this means that the big villages at the valley bottoms will be condensed and the small villages on the hill slopes will not expand. Only in the Linthebene, the participants suggest development on the hill slopes in order to keep the open spaces in the plain of the Linthebene free from (new) buildings. The settlements shall also contribute to the rural appearance of the regions. High buildings are not welcome.
In all four regions, there are certain villages that strongly suffer from transit traffic and bypass roads are currently in the political discussion. The workshop participants showed ambiguous opinions about these bypass projects; they say that the villages affected cause a great deal of the traffic themselves. Nevertheless, they wish traffic reduction in the villages and their centres shall be attractive meeting points. Public transport and human powered mobility shall grow in all regions. Finally, the workshop participants want their regions to produce their own electric power with renewable energy. They suggest solar panels on roofs and wind turbines on the Lindenberg that connects the Luzerner Seetal with the Obere Freiamt.
This report has a specific structure. It starts with a short chapter about the workshop procedure and a summary of the results. The main part presents the storylines of the stakeholders' visions about the future landscape development in their home regions. The annex contains the report of an additional workshop with 17/18-year old high-school students from Luzerner Seetal. The visions of this young generation give some thought-provoking impulses.